Conservation Actions

There are no known conservation actions in place for this species. Research into its population, life history, and threats is needed alongside monitoring of habitat trends and the development of an area-based management plan. Site and habitat protection is also recommended. Public educational programmes should be put in place to raise awareness on the vulnerability of the species due to habitat fragmentation or modification. 

Location Information

The species is only known from peat swamp forests near the town of Anjungan in Kalimantan Barat, Indonesian Borneo (Kottelat 1991).

Geographic Range



Population Information

Although there are no quantitative analysis on population trends in this species, it is likely to be declining due to conversion of its habitat to monoculture plantations. In recent years, the species has been very occasionally seen in the aquarium trade (B.W. Low pers. obs. 2018). Giam et al. (2012) used species distribution data and past rates of peat swamp forest loss to estimate the probability of this species becoming globally extinct due to habitat loss projected to occur between 2010-2050. The probability of extinction of this species was estimated at 4-55%. This estimate is of the probability that the species will eventually become extinct due to habitat loss and is not the probability that it will be lost by 2050 because there may be an extinction time lag.


Large-scale conversion of peat swamp forests to industrial-scale forestry and monoculture plantations pose a threat to this species (Giam et al. 2012). It is uncertain if over-harvesting for the aquarium trade poses a substantial threat.


IUCN Red List Account Link

Please click here to see the species' IUCN Red List Account page.

Photo Credits

Wentian Shi/Parosphromenus Project