Conservation Actions

Batagur borneoensis is listed in CITES Appendix II. The species is present in protected areas in Thailand and Sumatra. It inhabits forested areas and needs beaches to lay eggs, so both of these habitats need protection to ensure adequate conservation. Research is needed to better determine its current distribution, habitats and ecology, main threats, and the legality of egg collection in some areas.

Location Information

The distribution of Batagur borneoensis, as currently understood, is in extreme southern peninsular Thailand, northeastern peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia (northern Sumatra and western Kalimantan), and Brunei. There is also a record from Jambi province in southern Sumatra, Indonesia (A. Hamidy pers. comm. 2018). The species was once more widely distributed through Southeast Asia, but it is presumed to have been extirpated from parts of its range.

Geographic Range


Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand

Population Information

There are no data on population size for this Batagur borneoensis. It was very common in the trade in many parts of its range about twenty years ago. At present, it appears in trade in Jakarta in very low numbers. The species has been eliminated from parts of its range due to trade, egg collection and sand mining. It is suspected that the population has been reduced by at least 80% due to these threats. None of these threats have ceased. If specimens are encountered, they are collected for trade. All collection is illegal, though there used to be a legal quota in Indonesia up to the early 2000s.


The main threats to Batagur borneoensis are illegal collection for consumption, collection of eggs and sand mining.


IUCN Red List Account Link

Please click here to see the species' IUCN Red List Account page.

Photo Credits

Joko Guntoro - SatuCita Foundation (category and featured image)