Conservation Actions

If the rapid rate of forest conversion continues, conservation measures may need to be implemented (L. Grismer and E. Quah pers. comm. 2017)

Location Information

This species is only known from the Brinchang Trail and Tanah Rata in the Cameron Highlands, Pahang, in the central portion of the Banjaran Titiwangsa, Malaysia (Leong 2001, Smith 1924). It is very likely that the distribution of this species continues farther to the north and south throughout this extensive, upland forest corridor (Grismer 2011).

Geographic Range



Population Information

Fewer than ten specimens of this species are known. The population is thought to be stable (L. Grismer pers. comm. 2017).


There is an ongoing threat to this species from the alteration of montane cloud forests to agriculture and tourist development (L. Grismer and E. Quah pers. comm. 2017). More forest is converted annually, and encroachment has been observed into nominally protected areas such as Robinson's Falls in areas close to the known localities (E. Quah pers. comm. 2017).

IUCN Red List Account Link

Please click here to see the species' IUCN Red List Account page.

Photo Credits

Evan S.H. Quah